1 i HOmOSEHUBLITV a report of the florida legislatiue iouestigotion committee jaaoary, 19E4 tallahassee, florida INVESTIGATION COMMITTE STATE UBRARY OF FLORIDA DEC 3 |998 January, 1 964 /KS£7I0 1 3 1246 00383809 3 THE FLORIDA LEGISLATIVE INVESTIGATION COMMITTEE 803 South Adams Street Post Office Box 1044 Tallahassee, Florida REPRESENTATIVE RICHARD O. MITCHELL, CHAIRMAN SENATOR ROBERT WILLIAMS, VICE CHAIRMAN MEMBERS FROM THE HOUSE MEMBERS FROM THE SENATE LEO C. JONES Panama City RICHARD O. MITCHELL Tallahassee WILLIAM E. OWENS Stuart GEORGE B. STALLINGS, JR. Jacksonville CHARLEY E. JOHNS Starke ROBERT WILLIAMS Graceville C. W. (BILL) YOUNG St. Petersburg Lamar Bledsoe Secretary John E. Evans Staff Director Leo L. Foster Counsel PREFACE The 1963 Florida Legislature created the Legislative Investi- gation Committee, a continuation of similar interim committees active on behalf of the state since 1955. Included in the Com- mittee's mandate from the Legislature was the direction to inves- tigate and report on "the extent of infiltration into agencies supported by state funds by practicing homosexuals, the effect thereof on said agencies and the public, and the policies of various state agencies in dealing therewith." To understand and effectively deal with the growing problem of homosexuality, an understanding of its nature and manifesta- tions is essential; and it is for that reason that the Committee has sought in this report to preface its recommendations for special studies leading to legislation with a review of the scope and nature of homosexuality. Although this report has been prepared, in keeping with the Committee mandate, primarily for the benefit of state adminis- trators and personnel officers, it can be of value to all citizens; for every parent and every individual concerned with the moral climate of the state, should be aware of the rise in homosexual activity noted here, and be possessed of the basic knowledge set forth. C. Lawrence Rice Chief Investigator Fetish appeal is shown in this photograph taken from a homosexual's collection. The use of the bindings is frequent in artwork of this nature, and an apparently strong stimulant to the deviate. In many photos offered by "Art Studios" primarily for the homosexual trade the black posing strap will be drawn in with a material easily removed after it has been mailed to the purchaser. HOMOSEXUALITY AND CITIZENSHIP IN FLORIDA Homosexuality is, and for too long has been, a skeleton in the closet of society. Upon this point, and this alone, can agreement be found among the educators, psychiatrists, psychologists, researchers, social workers, law enforcement and judicial officials, and prac- ticing homosexuals themselves who have expressed interest in the problem homosexuality poses for society. To many Floridians, perhaps a majority, homosexuality is a term without real meaning — the subiect for a party joke, the whispered accusation aimed at an effeminate neighbor or ac- quaintance, and something to warn one's children about in vague and general phrases. This Committee claims no corner on understanding the history or prognosis of homosexuality. It is, however, convinced that many facets of homosexual practice as it exists in Florida today pose a threat to the health and moral well-being of a sizable portion of our population, particularly our youth. Since 1959, legislative investigation committees have been amassing information on homosexual activities within the state — information drawn largely from the statements of practicing homosexuals themselves. In 1961 and 1962 a special committee, appointed by the Governor and directed by the Florida Children's Commission and Sheriffs Bureau, explored the problem as it exists within the state, and brought together in a series of meetings leaders from all walks of life for serious consideration of homosexuality and recommendations for broadening public knowledge and understanding of it. We have drawn on the files of our predecessor legislative committees, and from the reports and recommendations of the now inactive state study committee which were generouslv made available to us bv the Children's Commission, Sheriffs Bureau and Governor's Office. We have held interviews and consultations with officials of Florida's mental health program, law enforce- ment agencies and courts, and made extensive study of the many and divergent publications, both scientific and popular, in the field. From this background we have sought to draw a digest of information helpful to an understanding of homo- sexuality, and to present recommendations for effective recog- nition by the state of its present and potential bearing on the quality of citizenship in Florida. WHO AND HOW MANY ARE THE HOMOSEXUALS? As in virtually all else relating to homosexuality, the defini- tion and identification of homosexual individuals is obscured by the presence of many conflicting opinions, contradictory statis- tics, and a serious lack of responsible research. A noted author in the field, who is himself a homosexual, calls American homosexuals "an intensified minority" and speaks of their sexual "inversion." A law enforcement official who has made a study of homo- sexuality suggests that its practice is the basis of "the most insidious crime of all." The Homosexual Voters Advisory Service, which claims to represent 12 million homosexuals, describes a homosexual as "a person who is capable of experiencing a real and noble love for someone of his own sex." Edmund Bergler, M. D., whose outspoken comments on homosexuality and belief that is is a curable disease have made him center of considerable controversy, says the "homosexual is unconsciously a masochistic injustice collector who has shifted the 'power to mistreat' from woman to man." And Manfred Guttmacher, M. D., chief medical officer of the Supreme Bench of Baltimore, summed up the many variables around which discussions of homosexuality revolve when he wrote that "individual sexual behavior is a complex pattern dependent upon biologic endowments, parental behavior, religious indoctrination, the basic relationship between the individual and his parents in early childhood, group mores, the educational level attained, accidental experiences during childhood and youth, and police prohibitions." For the purposes of this discussion, it seems safe to say that a homosexual is a man or woman, married or single, young or old, well-to-do or on-a-shoestring, possessed of an extensive or limited education, who seeks and finds sexual stimulation and gratification on a regular basis with one or more partners of the same sex. There is no single identifying characteristic of the homo- sexual, nor can they be stereotvped, although we shall later re- view some common characteristics of active homosexuals. In Florida, known homosexuals have ranered from ill-paid field hands to individuals at the highest levels of government, com- merce and culture. Many active homosexuals are active members of their communities, apparently happily married and rearing families, taking part in church and civic affairs, and, to outward appearances, the picture of normalcy. There is no census of homosexual persons, and estimates as to their numbers must at best be informed guesses. The widely publicized Kinsey studies suggested that nearly 50 percent of the unmarried males under 35 in America have engaged in homosexual practices, and that of the general popu- lation, one out of six men had experienced at least as much homosexual as normal, or heterosexual, experience for at least three full years between the 16th and 55th birthdays. The Kinsey reports estimated that one out of each 25 men is exclu- sively homosexual after the onset of adolescence. It was Kinsey's conclusion that homosexuality among women is only one-half to one-third as prevalent as it is among males. Other researchers, while agreeing with the Kinsey esti- mates of three to five percent of the male population being ac- tively homosexual, indicate the rate of female homosexuality (lesbianism) to be double that of the male population. Far less is known about female homosexuality than about male activities, and relatively little research has been done on the subject. From law enforcement records, medical and mental health sources, the testimony of active homosexuals, and an application of national projections to the state, the best and current estimate of active homosexuals in Florida is 60,000 individuals. Several of our consultants have suggested that this figure would be more appropriate if limited to male homosexuals and ought to be doubled if to accurately reflect the female homosexuals in our population. This figure, comparable to the population of Florida s capital city, reflects an increase in the state's homosexual population in recent years, and the expanding "open" activities of American homosexuals, some 100,000 of whom dwell in New York City alone and whose ghettos there recentlv prompted the staid New York Times to delve into their deviations in a lengthy feature The origins of homosexuality are obscure, as is the question of whether it is sin or sickness. It is depicted in ancient cave drawings; was recognized in the culture of the Golden Age of Greece : figures in the controversy over Shakespeare's sonnets ; is regularlv debated in the scholarly seminars of forensic medi- cine; and figures prominently in security considerations in the highest echelons of today's world powers. Rather than review the multitudinous theories, conclusions, contentions and claims advanced through the years to "clarify" consideration of homosexuality, we have contented ourselves with presenting as an appendix to this report as complete and responsible a bibliographv on the subiect as we believe can be compiled, and leave to each individual the prerogative of selecting the authority and theory that most nearly jibe with his own views. We would, however, suggest that the Biblical description of homosexuality as an "abomination" has stood well the test of time. THE SPECIAL WORLD OF HOMOSEXUALITY For the active homosexual there exist two worlds in which status, stature and security must be sought. The first is the "straight" society, where conformance to accepted social, moral and legal standards sets the pattern of conduct familiar to most of us. This is the world of the coffee break, the PTA, and the myriad other bits of Floridiana and Americana, providing for most a comfortable and secure exist- ence. The second is the "gay" society, populated by homosexuals and replete with its own language, customs, and dangers. It is a well organized society, extending from homosexual hangouts in public rest rooms to the offices of several national organiza- tions through which articulate homosexuals seek recognition of their condition as a proper part of our culture and morals and appreciation of their role in our history and heritage. In homosexual circles the terms "queer" and "deviate" sel- dom, if ever, are heard. Those individuals who have "come out," or committed themselves to a life of homosexual activity, are "gay" and will be found at "gay" bars, eating places, organiza- tions and shops. They may well be "cruising," driving or walking through areas where they believe they might find "trade," individuals, not necessarily homosexual, who will serve as passive partners in the performance of homosexual acts. Many homosexuals, and the majority of those apprehended by law enforcement authorities, take their sex where they find it, be it in a rest room of a park or other public place ; a car, be it moving or parked ; a residence or a hotel room. For the guidance of the uninitiated, we have appended to this report a glossary of homosexual terms and a catalogue of homosexual acts. The two homosexuals most familiar to the general public are the "Swish Queen" and the "Butch." The Swish Queen is the ultra-effeminate male who will occasionally be seen fully dressed m women's clothing. The Butch is the ultra-masculine female, muscular m build, with mannish haircut and tailored clothing. These are in the minority in homosexual society and cannot be considered representative of homosexuals in general. Homosexuals are given to freely discussing their status, even when under arrest. From these commentaries and from perusal of the two major homosexual publications, ONE MAGAZINE and THE MATTACHINE REVIEW (both propaganda arms of national homosexual organizations), some clarifying conclusions can be drawn. A key homosexual aim is recognition. A spokesman for a major homosexual group put it this way: "The time is coming when homosexual love will be accepted in America as it is now in some other cultures of the world . . . "Homosexual love is just as beautiful and health-producing, and as spiritually ennobling, as heterosexual love ... We homo- sexuals, too. know that sex without love is empty, incomplete, and unsatisfving. But with love, homosexuality, too, can bring ultimate fulfillment. "That this fulfillment cannot biologically include the creation of new life through children does not mean that homosexuality should be condemned. Neither do heterosexual love relations, when birth control by any means is used, result in procreation. The emotional, physical, intellectual, and spiritual oneness experienced between two men or between two women in love is in every way comparable to the same beautiful emotion experi- enced between persons of the opposite sex." One flaw in this thesis is that the sort of love relationships lyrically described are notoriously few and far between among male homosexuals. Fleeting relationships are the order of the day in a great many cases, and multiple sex acts with a procession of partners who are often strangers known only by a first name or nickname frequently occur within the space of one evening. It is true that many male homosexuals do enter into "Gay Marriages," often begun with a solemn ceremony in which they agree to live together under conditions approximating a straight, or heterosexual, marriage situation. It is rare for such a union to last over a prolonged period, even though into the bonds of some such marriages is placed a formal agreement for a "Trick Day" one or more days a week when either or both of the partners are free to seek union with another for the night. In the case of female homosexuals, many "marriages" have been known to remain stable over long periods of time. There is speculation that this is due both to the inborn desire of women for a more settled existence and because two women living together are less apt to cause comment within a community than would two men. Some insight into the nature of a lesbian "marriage" is to be found in a letter written by a Tampa woman in response to publicity on the state's concern with homosexuality. She wrote: "This letter is not written with lascivious intent. Neither is it intended to glorify the homosexual and fling obscenities at the law enforcement organization while hiding behind a shield of animosity. I am writing only to set forth certain facts which you may not have the opportunity to review. In other words, I am giving you my side of the story. "First of all, let me say that I do not feel shame for what I am. I have made a good adjustment to my way of life. I am happy as I am. I do not want to change. Many well adjusted homosexuals feel as I do, and there is truly nothing a psychiatrist can do for a person who does not recognize a need and express a desire to change. "Like many others, I lead a quiet, and apparently normal life. I have a well paying, responsible job, I own my own home, I am active in church and community affairs and I command the respect of those who know me. I love the woman I live with and I honor this love more than a great number of people honor the marital vows they speak. I regard my personal relationship as having all the sanctity of marriage. "My life is not a merry-go-round of bars, wild parties, and changing partners as is often the case with homosexuals. Per- haps I am an exception, but I do not believe so. I have numerous friends, couples who have lived together for many years, who do not 'make the rounds' of the bars. Although we cannot attend formal dances and other forms of recreation which require mixed couples, we find many clean and wholesome activities such as bowling, tennis, card parties, record parties, etc. "I will grant you a point. Homosexuality is, as a total pic- ture, a dread disease. It must be stopped from spreading rapidly. But I must protest the manner in which it is treated. Homo- sexuals are not all alike. Yet all are treated alike as criminals and when 'investigated' are submitted to vulgar questioning, abuse and undignified treatment. This handling is not restricted to those who have committed a criminal act, but to be very frank, it is common treatment of anyone suspected or vaguely connected with homosexuality. "Must I be stripped of my privacy and all the pride and dignity that I enjoy as an American, simply because some element in my environment, some incident in my childhood, or some faulty parental relationship has produced an individual who chooses to love one of the same sex? Very truly yours, Just a Girl of 24" It is with similar arguments that homosexuals have mounted a national drive to legalize sexual relationships between mutually consenting adult partners of the same sex. Such a proposal was advanced in a massive British study presented to the Parliament in 1957, but which was not enacted into law. In this country, only the Illinois Legislature has acted favorably on the proposal, which has failed of passage in several other states in which it has been introduced. This movement by homosexuals has received some support from liberally-oriented authors and legislators. Notable among these is Harry Golden, who devoted a column in his Carolina Israelite to the suggestion that the world has seen several homo- sexual ages: "Ancient Greece was a homosexual culture. The scenes that take place between two men in a Greek tragedy are nothing more or less than love scenes. It was not considered an anti-social act in Greece . . . Elizabethan England was also a homosexual age. Shakespeare dedicated one of his sonnets to a lover . . . The last of these three homosexual ages has been our own. Homo- sexuality took on the characteristics of an endemic affliction after World War I which destroyed all of the old values. Pioneer America may have known isolated cases of homosexuality, but it is the industrial age and the 'atomic' generation which have given it a new popularity. "Society would feel better if there were no homosexuals, but our laws have to face the truth that every society in one way or another produces certain aberrancies. In a religious society you have heresies, in a wilderness society, renegades, and in this society, homosexuality. Society must change itself to lose homosexuality. It can't be stamped out. Until we make some of our laws humane, we will be unable to understand the problem, let alone deal with it." On the strength of such reasoning, aggressive homosexuals are assembling a considerable array of supporters from the "straight" world, whose sympathies and lack of knowledge of the other side of the homosexual coin prompt their support of a drive for "rational" legislation at both the federal and state levels. WHY BE CONCERNED? If the torrent of propaganda from homosexual organizations is to be believed, those afflicted with homosexuality constitute a maladjusted, misunderstood and mistreated minority, com- posed of productive people seeking their proper place in the sun. It is difficult, however, to find the ennobling element in scenes such as these which are drawn from official records of this state. In late evening a well dressed teacher enters the men's room of a large Central Florida shopping center. He enters a stall toilet, noting that the adjacent booth is occupied. There is a hole about the size of a fifty cent piece carved through the partition separating the stalls. The teacher places a finger through the hole, then withdraws it. The finger of the unknown occupant of the next stall appears. The teacher then inserts his sex organ through the hole to perform, in less than five minutes, a homosexual act with a partner he never sees and to whom he need not speak. Or this: The athletically-built little league coach in We'st Florida lived at home with his mother, but he was in his mid-twenties and only recently returned from college so no one thought it strange. He was looked up to by the parents of the youngsters he tutored in sports, for the 10-to-15 year olds obviously idolized him. So it was that it came as a special shock to the community when it was revealed that he had systematically seduced the members of the baseball team into the performance of homo- sexual acts, and that he was using the services of a willing 13 year old girl for the normal sexual stimulation of the boys, and for his own gratification. And this: In South Florida it was possible for visiting homosexuals to obtain the services of a male partner, ranging in age from the early teens through adulthood, for a single act or the duration of his stay, with about the same ease at comparable cost as other tourists-on-the-town obtain the services of a "high class" pros- titute. When the boys in this ring were not on call, they passed the time posing for nude photos to be made part of the tremen- dous traffic in homosexual pornography. These are not isolated instances, nor do they touch the extremes of deviate behavior which enforcement officers have become accustomed to encountering in the world of homo- sexuality. The plain fact of the matter is that a great many homo- sexuals have an insatiable appetite for sexual activities and find special gratification in the recruitment to their ranks of youth. This addiction to youth has been reflected by homosexuals themselves in the pages of their publications. In the letters to the editor column of ONE MAGAZINE, there have appeared sentiments such as those in the January 1960, issue of "Mr. T. W. of Brooklyn" who wrote that "the urge for a younger companion is almost basic to the gay life ... If the desire for youth makes me sick, then forget about calling the doctor for I never want to be cured of my illness." There is a tendency to lump together the homosexuals who seek out youth and the child molesters. To most people the child molester seems to pose the greatest threat to society. The child molester attacks, but seldom kills or physically cripples his victim. The outlook for the victim of molestation is generally good for recovery from the mental and physical shocks involved and for the enjoyment of a normal life. The homosexual, on the other hand, prefers to reach out for the child at the time of normal sexual awakening and to conduct a psychological preliminary to the physical contact. The homo- sexual's goal and part of his satisfaction is to "bring over" the young person, to hook him for homosexuality. Whether it be with youth or with older individuals, homo- sexuality is unique among the sexual assaults considered by our laws in that the person affected by the practicing homosexual is first a victim, then an accomplice, and finally himself a per- petrator of homosexual acts. Homosexuals are generally outwardly gregarious people, free with gifts and money for those they like or are currently enmeshed with. Many find association with extreme youth a solace for their anxiety over aging, just as some aging "straights" seek out the companionship of youthful members of the opposite sex. The appeals to youth by homosexuals are manifold. They are masters of flattery, playing up to the teenager's desire for recog- nition and equal status in an adult world. They will provide the youth with opportunity to attain goals made attractive by adult practitioners — a car to drive, cigarettes to smoke, liquor to drink. Frequently, pornographic materials of a heterosexual nature are used. One strip of photos we have seen starts off depicting in detail and clarity a male-female sexual relationship ; and as the ensuing photos unfold, the man leaves the woman and joins another man in a series of poses leading up to vivid homosexual erotica. In this connection, it is worthy of note that while much public hue and cry has been raised about the "girlie" magazines draped across newsstands the length and breadth of the state, little has been done to reveal the role of the male muscle and physique magazines, the pin-up books of homosexuality. The principal purchasers of these books are not the puny "before" examples of skin and bone seeking a formula by which to pour themselves into the muscular mold of the male models, but are the homosexuals who find more stimulation from viewing the rippling muscles and tanned figures portrayed there, than the man who likes women derives from the center fold of Playboy. These magazines are the showcases for photographers who deal in homosexual pornography and who, in most cases, supply the publishers with photographs free of charge. In return for this, there appears at the back of the magazine a credit page listing the names and addresses of the photographers who con- tributed the photos used on various pages of the publication. Along with this is the suggestion that the reader who sees some- thing he likes correspond directly with the photographer. Such correspondence will lead first to circumspect figure studies; then to more suggestive photos, "duals" showing two men in close proximity ; and finally to the hard core and costly homosexual pornography consisting of totally nude males in lascivious, suggestive poses, or actual homosexual acts. Similar photos of lesbian relationships are more rare, but available from major producers of these materials. In addition to the multi-million dollar traffic in profession- ally produced homosexual pornography, local homosexuals trade photos like some youngsters trade bubble gum baseball cards. The Polaroid camera has been a great boon to homosexuals and a blow to those required to investigate their activ,ities. The avoidance of a film processor has freed the homosexual to pro- duce photos in abundance of his friends at play, and inexpensive copying machines have made possible rapid reproduction for exchange or sale. Once entangled in the web of homosexuality, there are sev- eral courses common to young people. The first is that thev quickly "come out" by becoming full- fledged homosexuals, taking an aggressive role in sexual acts. It is this type of youth who "goes out for chickens" by becoming an active recruiter of extremelv voung boys. It is this individual who is found to be the leader (although usually with adult advice) of homosexually oriented high school "secret societies" whose initiation rites run the gamut of homosexual appeals. Another course is that pursued by the young person who recognizes that his willingness to be a passive partner in homo- sexual acts can be the key to an ever-available flow of money and gifts. A good looking youth finds little difficulty in making contact with "cruising" homosexuals willing to pay for his ser- vices. In Miami, one boy of 17 claimed convincingly that he had "earned" more than $20,000 since he was 14, and that he was paying his family's expenses, had bought an automobile and a complete and tasteful wardrobe with the wages of homosexuality. Such young people as this, known as hustlers, will frequently become "fairies," interested only in sex with any man, or "dirt," willing to be passive in a homosexual act but given to robbing the homosexual of all money and clothing at its conclusion. Homosexuals, especially those with good jobs or close family ties, are vulnerable to blackmail, and there are those who serve as "trade" merely to amass the information on which a black- mail threat can be based. Those homosexuals who steal seldom do so for personal use, but to satisfy a greedy lover or black- mailer. In addition to the moral and legal problems engendered by the spread of homosexuality, its practitioners face a very real medical hazard. Venereal disease can be, and is, transmitted by certain of the more common homosexual acts. The incidence of the several forms of this disease has increased in recent years to a new high of 1748 cases in 1963, ranking Florida third in the nation in number of cases, due, according to health authorities, in large measure to homosexual transmission. Particularly has this been found to be the case in university communities and similar areas with a large youth population. We have not touched upon homosexuality as a factor in other forms of sex deviation or in major crime occurrences and security matters, for to do so would deserve more space than is available here. Suffice it to say that such links do exist and that the homosexual, subject to abnormal external and internal pres- sures, tends to neuroticism and mental imbalance, a predilection opening pathways to crime and conduct far beyond the veil of rationality. We would not deny the existence of some lastiner homosexual relationships which pose no threat to society and in which the participants are constructive and contributing members of their communities. We do, however, believe that the glimpse of the homosexual world we have here presented underlines our convic- tion that homosexuals pose a problem demanding of serious at- tention by all concerned with sound citizenship. WHAT TO DO ABOUT HOMOSEXUALITY In Florida, homosexuality is not treated as an entity by existing laws, but rather individual acts are specified as illegal in those sections of the Statutes dealing with sex offenses. We include a summary of those laws in the appendix to this report. Many homosexuals are picked up and prosecuted on vagrancy or similar non-specific charges, fined a moderate amount, and then released to pick up their practices virtually whei-e they left them on arrest. Most law enforcement, prosecutive and judicial officials are in an honest quandary as to how best to handle such cases. They are concerned that in sexual matters Florida follow the admoni- tion of Britain's Wolfenden Report to continue "to preserve public order and decency, to protect the citizen from what is offensive and/or injurious, and to provide sufficient safeguards against exploitation and corruption of others." Incarceration is not a satisfactory answer in many cases, for indeed prison life produces its own specialized brand of devi- ates, known as "institutional homosexuals," who would not, in freedom, consider homosexual activity, but in prison turn to it in search of escape from sexual tensions. The Florida Legislature in 1963 recognized this problem and enacted legislation directing the Division of Mental Health and Division of Corrections of the State to plan for the construction of facilities at the prison system's new receiving and treatment center "for the care of child molesters and criminal sexual psychopaths." The same legislative session revised the Statutes relating to the revocation of teaching certificates to make more certain the withdrawal of teaching privileges from those against whom homosexual charges have been verified. From 1959 through January 1, 1964, a total of 64 Florida teachers have had certifi- cates revoked by the State Board of Education ; and, of these, 54 were on morals charges. An additional 83 cases are now pend- ing before the Board. While this is a relatively low number in the light of Florida's more than 40.000 certified teachers, it is ample to warrant concern by educators and parents. A veteran investigator of homosexual activities summed up the feelings of many who have studied the problem of homo- sexuality in Florida when, in consultation with us, he said: "There are those who feel that this particular type of inves- tigation — against homosexuals — is iust too touchy to fool with. But it must be done. It must be done. "The homosexual groiros, Homosexuals Anonvmous, the Homophile Institute, the Mattachine Society and others, are now coming out in the open in our larger cities like New York and Washington, trving to gain social acceptance in publications. Late last fall thev actually sought a permit to solicit on the streets of Washington. "Since the homosexual has seen fit to come out into the open and try to get himself accepted bv society, I think it is about time the thinking members of societv, the persons in posi- tions of responsibility, get up off their duffs and realize that if we don't stand up and start fighting, we are going to lose these battles in a very real war of morality. "The homosexuals are organized. The persons whose respon- sibility it is to protect the public, and especially our kids, are not organized in the direction of combating homosexual recruit- ing of youth. "The problem is so little understood bv lav people that the homosexuals will win every battle that is fought unless we band together to educate ourselves. There is only one thing that the homosexual fears as far as straight persons are concerned, and that is a straight person who knows him and the gay crowd for what they are. He is not afraid of the average housewife and the average citizen, and he is not afraid of the judges who have never taken the time and the trouble to look into this problem and see to what it really amounts. He is afraid of the police officer, because he feels the police officer can see through him a lot easier than anyone else can. "He will depend upon a jury, invariably, to adjudicate his guiltiness in a court of law, rather than a judge, because he feels the judge may be able to see through him. "We must do everything in our power to create one thing in the mind of every homosexual, and that is 'Keep your hands off our children ! The consequences will be terrible if you do not.' "The homosexuals' motto is: Today's Trade is Tomorrow's Competition. This motto is spoken in every language in the civil- ized world. We must teach the homosexual, make him understand that we will not tolerate his recruitment of youth. "I don't think that this is asking too much of us — too much of every parent, for if we don't act soon we will wake up some morning and find they are too big to fight. They may be already. I hope not." The Committee is reluctant to concede that homosexuality in Florida and America today has reached either the proportions or power suggested by that investigator. It concurs fullv, however, that the closet door must be thrown open and the light of public understanding cast upon homosexuality in its relationship to the responsibilities of sound citizenship. We hope that many citizen organizations in Florida will use this report as a jumping off point for a serious and meaningful consideration of the problem of homo°exualitv and as a source of information with which to prepare their children to meet the temptations of homosexuality lurking today in the vicinity of nearlv every institution of learning. We recommend to the Florida State Board of Education retention at the earliest practicable time of qualified personnel to be assigned to the Teacher Certification Division of the State Department of Education for the purpose of refuting or affirm- ing allegations of homosexuality involving teachers in the public schools of the state and preparing information thus obtained for the prompt consideration and action of the Department and Board. In the past, the Department of Education has called upon this Committee and its predecessors to perform investigative activities for it. but this is not a proper function of a legislative body and should be placed on a permanent basis within the Department, as contemplated in the Statutes. We recommend, and have initiated, the formulation of legis- lation providing A Homosexual Practices Control Act for Florida. We feel such legislation warranted, for while we encourage and call for increased research efforts to expose the underlying causes of homosexuality and its possible cures, we recognize that the problem today is one of control and that established pro- cedures and stern penalties will serve both as encouragement to law enforcement officials and as a deterrent to the homosexual hungry for youth. We have asked a committee of distinguished Floridians to consult with us in the formulation of effective legislation in this field and will invite their consideration of such steps as: 1. Mandatory psychiatric examination prior to sentencing of every person convicted of a homosexual act with a minor and discretionary pre-sentence examination of others. 2. Provision for outpatient psychiatric treatment centers to which offenders on probation or parole may be assigned. 3. Providing for the confidentiality of information relating to the first arrest of a homosexual similar to that now in effect in juvenile cases, with the provision that the confidentiality of the information may be waived by the judge upon conviction or a plea of guilty. 4. Creation of a central records repository for information on homosexuals arrested and convicted in Florida and provision that such records shall be open to public employing agencies. 5. Placing sole jurisdiction of a second homosexual offense in a felony court and providing appropriate penalties upon con- viction. We believe that a law embodying elements such as these would serve to radically reduce the number of homosexuals prey- ing upon the youth of Florida, would stiffen the state's hand in dealing with those homosexuals apprehended and would provide an element of protection for those homosexuals whose first public venture is relatively mild and whose ability to earn a living or provide for a family would be destroyed by exposure. It behooves us all to come to know the nature of the homo- sexual, for he is with us in every area of the state. It behooves us, too, to define for him, and for ourselves, the conditions which govern his presence. Suspended \ jit t "■£3 Teacher Resigns; Hearing Canceled -ch 30 i K-* iY.1 Bit it?/ who wai auapended 10 dayi i. on chargee of mlar induct in affli •■ resigned yejiri "*t and imIivi •chooui>d beansuj *u canceled by Hat Kt^aO County School Boutf. ■ k* i tUu '!."■ imroodi- •u; radtf&tloe, green over the UlcphOM by Prinrlp*! Toi...!t. (X -*, U aebool board attorney Sworn C. Euvton, waa unanl- mouaty a* u p t ed wbm reported F -»,*. tc the board, and the rhargei I tack were dropped. , memhe V ii-:. waa one of three i 'I aa teachera ujilnil »t;om com- p-/ ar plalnta of misconduct had been ihargei lodged by ■*> glrtt. and follow- 1 resignation effect!' of this school >'< ST and t. third teacher was ixnnrtaied Pcnae) was not prfhCnl at rnenl ipecUI meeting and -eliinr! | Ing * W ..let VtUgall \ charged with dls- \iJgar card to a 1 allegedly kissing oalgned by the boar aeclaJ me«Uo to resign telephone, through hla «:. . uic board « attorneys Early in yeatrrday \ meeting IX. on read a letter from At- torney Chirks C. ,'i* ,'. i!d ighc Aeeordlnf r from Da^ C'.v id *•* eotld nit If I i attorney to fiiji ainit him i 1 led Sb ■' had gi resignation <■';•■ Di tor* told the board the call came near the the meeting "I certainly think ■ — '. • \»e* a**° snPr*" vWV, V*" , if to *". Dr. ;«ia rnatrfptn of the IfatvaftSt) of hUtfaemal 'I ■epart- »'■> under Ifi.OOO bond Wednesday on chtrgeu of ho- mooexuaJ asaauilt on flv» boyi aged 10 to 13. Metro Police IX, irfo i-tt a of tho Juvenile diviaion said fhc ■rreat followed mora than a moath'a Investigation of lnrt- dsmtaj which *i-*r*dly occurred ■ t r . . ' u . •> hot.*-. D, 3.: .\> P° mr 1. : ~ ■ dent of the university, aald ha wai auspendlng C U la> - 91- year-old bachelor, until this matter la clarified " cxi -h o* t*."o rw s.th Ave, came to Miami in 19» from PrrvlJene*. h .. wh*» ha waa executive tftttitflf i. ho ..-ii timr. Mith«r- tin Am- •oelatlorL. Earner h« waa a pro- feoaor at New Yori : and a World War II oavaJ OfflCtT. Cwariei on which Cut • wai booked Included tvee of crime *„*aijuH nature ard two of lewd and ludvtnus /to )- . Professor'/ - /| ^/ Charged f- With Assault APPENDIX I. Florida Laws on Sex Offenses Sfc' II. Glossary of Homosexual Terms and Deviate Acts III. Bibliography on Sexual Deviations On the infrequent occasions when deviate behavior is exposed, especially on the part of those who work with youth, the school system and all dedicated to the service of the young are made suspect. FLORIDA LAWS ON SEX OFFENSES ILLEGAL FORMS OF NATURAL INTERCOURSE: Unlawful heterosexual intercourse be- tween two unmarried persons. 3 months or fine not to exceed $30.00. I. FORNICATION: (798.03) PUNISHMENT: LEWD AND LASCIVIOUS BEHAVIOR: (798.02) (a) If any man and woman, not being married to each other, lewdly and lasci- viously associate and cohabit together (b) If any man or woman, married or unmarried, is guilty of open and gross lewdness and lascivious behavior . . . (The offense of lewdly and lasciviously associating and cohabiting together in- cludes both lewd and lascivious inter- course and/or living or dwelling together as if the conjugal relation existed be- tween the parties. Both elements must be proven to sustain a conviction.) PUNISHMENT: Not more than one year in prison, or one year in the county jail, or /ine not to exceed $300.00. ADULTERY: (798.01) PUNISHMENT: Voluntary heterosexual intercourse of a married person with a person other than his spouse. (If either party is married, both shall be deemed guilty.) Not to exceed 2 years in prison, or one year in the county jail, or fine not to ex- ceed $500.00. INCEST: (741.22) PUNISHMENT: Persons within the degrees of consan- guinity within which marriages are pro- hibited or declared by law to be inces- tuous and void, who intermarry or com- mit adultery or fornication with each other . . . Not to exceed 20 years in prison, or one year in the county jail. PROSTITUTION: (796.07) A woman who permits any man who will pay her price to have (natural) sexual intercourse with her . . . PUNISHMENT: Fine not exceeding $500.00, or imprison- ment not to exceed six months, or both. 6. RAPE: (794.01) PUNISHMENT: Whoever ravishes and carnally knows a female of the age of 10 years or more, by force and against her will, or unlaw- fully or carnally knows and abuses a fe- male child under the age of ten years DEATH, unless a majority of the jury recommends mercy. CARNAL INTERCOURSE WITH UNMARRIED PERSON UNDER EIGHTEEN: (794.05) PUNISHMENT: Any person who has unlawful carnal in- tercourse with any unmarried person, of previous chaste character, who at the time of such intercourse is under the age of eighteen . . . Not more than 10 years in prison, or fine not to exceed $2,000.00. CHILD MOLESTER CRIMES . . . AND UNNATURAL SEX CRIMES: 1. CHILD MOLESTER (801.02) LAW: An offense shall include: Attempted rape, sodomy, attempted sodomy, crimes against nature, attempted crimes against nature, lewd and lascivious behavior, in- cest and attempted incest, assault (when a sexual act is completed or attempted) and assault and battery (when a sexual act is completed or attempted) , when the acts are committed against, to, or with a person fourteen years of age or under. PUNISHMENT: (1) It shall be within the power and jurisdiction of the trial judge to: (a) Impose a term of years not to exceed 25. (b) Commit for treatment and re- habilitation to the Florida State Hospital ... or Commit to Florida Research and Treatment Center . . . Imposition of sentence may be deferred pending discharge. 8. CARNAL INTERCOURSE WITH AN UNMARRIED FEMALE IDIOT: (794.06) Any male person who has carnal inter- course with an unmarried female, with or without her consent, who is at the time an idiot, lunatic or imbecile . . . PUNISHMENT: Not to exceed 10 years in prison. CRIMES AGAINST NATURE LAW: (800.01) 1. CRIMES COMMITTED PER OS: (Oral copulation) a. FELLATIO: b. CUNNILINGUS: c. ANNILINGUS: (Feh lay'sheeo) A sexual deviation where gratification is obtained by sucking the penis. It may be practiced by males in homosexuality, or by the female where she introduces the penis into her mouth. (Cun ni lin'gus) A form of sexual devia- tion where a person derives sexual ex- citation by licking the clitoris (Kly' to- ns) or vulva, or the vagina. It is prac- ticed by female homosexuals (Lesbian- ism) , or by a male with a female. (An ni lin'gus) A form of sexual devi- ation where a person of either sex derives sexual excitement by licking the anus of another . . . \ I 2. CRIMES COMMITTED PER ANUS: (Anal copulation) a. PEDERASTY: PEDOPHILIA: (Ped'er as ty) A form of sexual inter- course through the anus. Carnal copula- tion of male with male (particularly man with boy) by penetrating the anus with the penis . . . also when the same act is with the female. This is also referred to as SODOMY . . . 3. CRIMES COMMITTED WITH ANIMALS: a. BESTIALITY PUNISHMENT: Sexual relations between human beings and an animal . . . commonly between human male and female animal . . . ALSO referred to as SODOMY. (ALL CRIMES AGAINST NATURE) (800.01) Not to exceed 20 years in prison. GLOSSARY of HOMOSEXUAL TERMS and DEVIATE ACTS GAY: QUEER: FAIRY: DEGENERATE: TRADE: DIRT: CHI-CHI: SWISHY: BUTCH: This photograph was taken by a Florida law enforcement agency of a homosexual act being performed in a public rest room. Such occurrences take place every day in virtually every city in every state. It is significant that the removal of the toilet stall doors to facilitate photography did not deter these and numerous other practicing homosexuals. BITCH: JAM: Homosexual. A homosexual, usually of low class and habits. Interested only in sex with any man. Extremely sexual with any person, male or female. Mentally unbalanced when sex is involved. Some have been known to use animals. Dangerous to gay and normal people. People who like to be passive partners in sexual relations with homosexuals; one-sided affairs. Rough trade — normal people the same as trade except they rob homosexuals after the affair, of both money and clothing. (Pronounced she-she) . Usually a room or apartment very effeminately decor- ated. Lace works, drapes, etc. A homosexual with very -effeminate ways, especially in walking and ges- tures. (a) A homosexual who appears to be very masculine. (b) Term used by homosexuals to de- scribe a normal person. (c) The aggressive or masculine part- ner in a homosexual relationship between two females. A homosexual who is swishy and talks in an effeminate manner. Frequently uses "mushy" language. Normal person. Sometimes used to designate a normal person who is understanding in the ways of homosexuality but who is un- touchable for trade or anything else. DOG'S LUNCH: PUPPY'S LUNCH: LET YOUR HAIR DOWN: 'HAIR PINS" or just PINS": COME-OUT: CRUISE: FLUFF (or FEMME) BUTCH: CREEP: CUTE: BISEXUAL: LESBIAN: DIKE or DYKE: KING: QUEEN: Either a normal person or a gay person whose looks and actions are unattrac- tive to the point of non-association. Not as bad as a dog's lunch, but still unattractive. Meaning to admit being a homosexual by verbal means. To drop hints to a person whose ways are unknown, to determine if he is a homosexual or not. The time one admits he is a homo- sexual and adjusts himself to that life. A method of picking up other homo- sexuals by a gay person — looking a person over as possible trade. A female homosexual who is effemin- ate in her ways. In referring to a female, is one who is gay and acts and dresses in a mascu- line manner. A homosexual or normal person who is disgusting to the average normal or gay person in all ways. An attractive person in the eyes of a homosexual, either male or female, depending on the homosexual sex. A person who is neither exclusively homosexual nor heterosexual. Female homosexual. Female homosexual. Same as dike. A male homosexual. QUEEN: TYPES OF QUEENS: GAY CROWD: GAY BAR: GAY MARRIAGE: TRICK DAY: GAY DIRT: G-WARNING-G (General) - RED G-WARNING-G (General) - BLUE G-WARNING- LOCAL: RED LIGHT: Leader of a group of female homo- sexuals. 69 queen. Browning queen Reaming queen Belly-wh queen Hand queen Golden-shower queen (All of the above are fairly well self- explanatory.) A group of homosexuals who run around together. Popular meeting place for homo- sexuals. Mutual agreements between homo- sexuals of either sex to live together and observe the normal code of ethics concerning marital fidelity. A day that two married homosexuals are free to go with someone else for the one night. The frequency of these depends entirely on the agreement reached by the two married homo- sexuals. A gay person who is considered tough and who expects money or clothing, by force if necessary, after a mutual sexual affair with another gay person. Tip-off of an oncoming raid which will happen soon. Warning for all gay peo- ple to leave the bars and head home. Same as above, only more time to leave. Tip-off that the club in which it is given is going to be raided. Also, used to inform another gay person that you're being watched and to be cau- tious. A raid which is starting without enough time to leave safely. Only time enough to change places with the other homo- sexuals to make couples of the oppo- site sex and to destroy all incriminat- ing material. This warning is given by rapid repetition throughout the club or bar. SHE: 69: PARTIAL 69: BLOW JOB: 71: MARRIED: HUSBAND: WIFE: MY MAN: MY WOMAN: MY GIRL: MY LOVER: DINGE QUEEN: SEA FOOD: "DO YOU": CRUSHED FRUIT: GAY CROWD: SCREAMING BITCH: or FLAMING BITCH: SISTER: GOING IN DRAG: PISS ELEGANT: CHICKEN: Male homosexual. Sex act wherein two persons commit oral intercourse on each other simul- taneously. Sex act wherein a homosexual is the recipient of an act of fellatio but does not return the act. An act of fellatio either given (active) or received (passive) . Intercourse by anus. When two homosexuals go together exclusively. Not considered married unless they provide for each other. The aggressive (active) partner of two "Married" homosexuals. The recipient (passive) partner of two "Married" homosexuals. Terms of endearment between homo- sexuals. A negro homosexual. Homosexuals in the Navy. Give a "blow job," said as: "I'd like to do you." A term used to characterize a homo- sexual who tries to deny he is a homo- sexual. Any gathering of homosexuals. An exhibitionist who outwardly pro- claims his homosexuality and his hom- osexual intentions. A homosexual. Wearing a costume, usually complete with female wig, makeup, and women's clothes. A homosexual who brags or is out- wardly conceited. An extremely young-looking homo- sexual or a homosexual under 21 years DREAM BOAT: A term used to characterize an un- usually attractive homosexual. THIS YEAR'S TRADE IS A phrase used by homosexuals to indi- NEXT YEAR'S cate that a person who participates in COMPETITION the passive role will eventually go over to the active state. ADAMISM: A form of exhibitionism in which the subject exhibits himself in the nude. ANILINGUS: Sexual pleasure obtained through the use of the mouth on the anus. AUTO-EROTICISM: Sexual love or fixation on one's self. CAIN COMPLEX: Rivalry between brothers and sisters over the family possessions or the af- fection of one or both of the parents. COMPLEX: The pattern of man's mental processes, his reaction to his environment; in each there is represented elements of our foreknowing (primary instincts) together with instinctive elements of a lower order. CUNNILINGUS: Apposition of the tongue or mouth to the vulva; oral copulation. ECSTASY INTOXICATION: That moment when the sadist has reached the zenith of affectivity; the sensation of pain is suppressed by the stronger urge and sensation of desire. ELECTRA COMPLEX: Sexual desire of the daughter towards her father, with hostility towards her mother. ENURITICS: Psychopaths who are interested in urine. EXHIBITIONISM: (Spectacular complex) . The exposure of the genitalia for the purpose of sexual gratification; the genitalia are usually in a condition of excitement, and the act is more prevalent among males; Pathological display of the ego in general. FELLATIO: Oral copulation; use of the mouth on the male sex organs. FETISH: A symbol arousing sexual excitation; the substituting of a part of the body or an article for the sexual object. FETISHISM: FIRE-WATER COMPLEX: FLAGELLATION: FROTTEURS: GERONTOPHILIA: HETEROSEXUAL: HOMOSEXUALITY: INCEST COMPLEX: KLEPTOMANIA: KOPROLAGNIA: LIBIDO: Sexual abnormality in which sexual stimulation or gratification is derived through some article or part of the sexual object. This condition is often found as a part of the symptom complex occurring in sexually psychopathic incendiarists. After lighting a fire there is a period of exhibitionism followed by a desire to urinate. A psycho-sexual perversion character- ized by a passion for whipping; en- countered among sado-masochists; may be either active or passive. Addicts of a form of masturbation, closely associated with buttock fetish- ism; the male subject usually rubs or presses against the buttocks of a fe- male, and sometimes a male, while in a crowd. In this condition there is us- ually a homosexual element. The choice of older persons of the op- posite sex as sexual objects or partners. Pertaining to the opposite sex. A condition in which there is a sexual fixation or erotic sexual attachment to persons of the same sex. Desire for sexual relations with a near relative, usually a parent. The desire to steal or appropriate arti- cles. In many cases psychopathic per- sonalities manifesting the impulsive desire to steal come under the heading of fetish-thieves and during the act of stealing receive sexual gratification. A condition usually found in maso- chism, wherein the subject is sexually excited through the senses of taste and smell by articles of filth, such as excrement (urine and feces) . The energy of the sexual instincts, which is normally directed to an out- side object. LUST MURDER MASOCHISM: MASTURBATION: NECROPHILIA: NYMPHOMANIA: OEDIPUS COMPLEX: ORALISM: PEDERASTY: PEDOPHILIA: PERVERSION: PERVERT: PYGMALIONISM: SADISM: SAPPHISM: Murder committed in sadistic brutal fashion; the victim's body usually shows evidence of being mutilated, particularly the genitalia. The correlative complex of sadism, which like its correlative, may be he- terosexual or homosexual; the desire to experience pain and suffering. Causation of sexual excitement through manual manipulation of the genitalia; auto-eroticism through friction or rub- bing. Sexual intercourse with the dead. A morbid sexual desire in the female. Sexual desire of the son for his mother, with hostility to the father. Sexual pleasure obtained through the use of the mouth on the sexual organs. (Sodomy). Insertion of the penis in the anus for the purpose of sexual gra- tification. This term has been used for the practice of the act of sodomy upon children by adults. The condition in which a child or ado- lescent is chosen as the sexual object. The deviation of the sexual impulse from its normal goal. One who indulges in unnatural sexual acts or fantasies. The sexual desire for a statue or sta- tues; a statue fetish. (Algolagnia). A perversion in which the libido becomes misdirected or per- verted, so that the act of inflicting pain becomes in itself an object of sexual gratification. Titillation of the clitoris through mu- tual masturbation or cunnilingus prac- ticed by females. SODOMY: TRANSVESTISM: TRIBADY: TRIOLISM: UROLAGNIA: VOYEURISM: ZOOPHILIA: Taking into the mouth or anus the sexual organ of any other person or animal or placing one's sexual organ in the mouth or anus of any other per- son or animal. Sexual perversion characterized by the wearing of the clothes of the opposite sex, and the desire to assume the name and role of the opposite sex. Intimate homosexual relationship be- tween females (lesbians). The active individual assumes the male character towards the female partner in the sex- ual acts. A form of exhibitionism in which the subject desires to perform the sexual act with several partners or in the presence of several persons. A condition found in sado-masochism and fetishism in which the person is sexually aroused through the sight and odor of urine. The desire to see or to be a witness to sexual practices. A passion for animals, often fetishistic in nature; erotic sexual relationship with animals. PSYCHOPATHIC SEX CRIMES: PSYCHOPATHY: (As defined in Black's Law Dictionary) Mental disorder in general. More commonly, mental disorder not amounting to insanity or taking the specific form of a psychoneurosis, but characterized by a defect of character or personality, eccentricity, emotional instability, inadequacy or perversity of conduct, under conceit and suspiciousness, or lack of common sense, social feeling, self-control, truth- fulness, energy, or persistence. 1. SADISM: 2. MASOCHISM: 3. FLAGELLATION: 4. PIQUERISM: 5. ANTHROPOPHAGY: 6. NECROPHILIA: 7. PYROMANIA: Sexual gratification resulting from in- flicting pain on another person. Sexual gratification resulting from in- flicting pain upon himself. A masochist with a passion to be whipped . . . resulting in sexual grati- fication. Sexual criminals (most frequently sad- ists) who stab their victims, usually girls or women, with sharp instruments . . . deriving sexual gratification from the sight of blood and the suffering of the victim. (An thro poph' a gy) A sadistic sexual perversion leading to rape, •mutilation, and cannibalism. (Ne croph' il ia) A sexual perversion in which dead bodies are violated. Sexual gratification resulting from lighting fires and watching them burn. SEXUAL NUISANCES: 1. VOYEURISM: 2. EXHIBITIONISM: 3. FETISHISM: 4. MASTURBATION: 5. TRANSVESTISM: 6. FROTTEURS: 7. KLEPTOMANIA: 8. KOPROLAGNIA: 9. UROLAGNIA: IVwah yur') A peeping torn. One who obtains sexual gratification from wit- nessing the sexual acts of others or from viewing persons in the nude. One who obtains sexual gratification from exhibiting himself in the nude or exhibiting his private parts. Sexual gratification obtained through handling of certain objects, e.g. wo- men's panties, or part of a human body. Causation of sexual excitement through manual manipulation of the genitalia. A form of sexual deviation in which the person tries to play the role of the opposite sex by crossed dressing. A form of masturbation accomplished by rubbing the genitalia against per- sons (of either sex) . . . occurs fre- quently in crowds. Sexual gratification stealing. resulting from Sexual excitement resulting from the smell or taste of filth, e.g., urine or feces. Sexual excitement resulting from the sight of urine or a person urinating. SEXUAL OBSCENITIES: (847-.01-.06) 1. Obscene telephone calls 2. Pornographic literature . letters . . . language, photographs . . . drawings. These photographs are from the catalogue of a supplier of homosexual erotica. Five by seven inch prints of each pose were offered at a dollar each. The youth of the model is indicative of the frequent homosexual fixation on youth. BIBLIOGRAPHY ON SEXUAL DEVIATIONS Aberle, S. B. & Corner, C. W. TWENTY-FIVE YEARS OF SEX RESEARCH: A HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL COMMITTEE FOR RESEARCH PROBLEMS OF SEJ, 1922-1947. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Co., 1953 Abraham, K. The experiencing of sexual traumas as a form of sexual activity. In SELECTED PAPERS. London: The Hogarth Press, Ltd. 1948. Abraham, K. The psychological relations between sexuality and alcoholism. In SELECTED PAPERS. London: The Hogarth press, Ltd., 1948. Abrahamsen, D. Study of 102 sex offenders at Sing Sing. FED. PROB., 1950, 14, 26-32. Advisory Committee on Social Questions. METHODS OF REHABILITATION OF ADULT PROSTITUTES. Geneva: League of Nations, 1939. Allen, C. THE SEXUAL PERVERSIONS AND ABNORMALITIES. London: Oxford Univ. Press, 1940. Allen, F. A. Confinement of the sexually irresponsible. J. CRIM. LAW CRIMINOL., 1941, 32, 196-199. Alpert, H. Emile Durkheims enemy of fixed psychological elements (Incest). AMER. J. SOCIOL., 1958, 63, 662-664. Anchersen, P. Problems of transvestism. ACTA PSYCHIAT., KBK., 1956, Suppl. 106, 249-256. Anderson, F. Background for sex crimes. AMERICA, 1957, 97, 377. Apfelberg, B., Sugar, C. & Pfeffer, A. Z. A psychiatric study of 250 sex offenders. AMER. J. PSYCHIAT., 1944, 100, 762-770. Arieff, A. J. & Rotman, D. B. One hundred cases of indecent exposure. J. NERV. MENT. DIS., 1942, 96, 523-528. Ashley-Montagu, M. F. The acquisition of sexual knowledge in children. AMER. J. ORTHO- PSYCHIAT., 1945, 15, 290-300. Baker, H. M. Sex offenders in- a Massachusetts court. J. PSYCHIAT. SOC. WORK, 1950, 20, 102-107. Banay, R. S. Profile of a sex offender. J. SOC. THER., 1956, 2, 85-92. .Banay R. S. & Davidoff, L. Apparent recovery of a sex psychopath after lobotomy. J. CRIM. PSYCHOPATHOL., 1942, 4, 59-60. Barratt, N. S. A suggested technique of handling the abnormal sex offender under existing Pennsylvania law. LEGAL INTELLIGENCER, 1948, July 30. Barry, M. J., Jr. & Johnson, A. M. The incest barrier. PSYCHO ANAL. QUART., 195 8, 27,485-500. / Beattie R. H. SEX OFFENDERS IN CALIFORNIA PRISONS (Mimeo.). California De- partment of Corrections, Sacramento, Calif., 1945-1949. Bender, L. & Blau, A. Reactions of children to sexual relations with adults. AMER. J. ORTHOPSYCHIAT., 1937, 7, 500.518. Benjamin, H. A case of air embolism through an unusual sexual act. J. CLIN. PSYCHO- PATHOL., 1946, 7, 815-820. Benjamin, H. Transsexualism and transvestism as psychosomatic and somatosychic syn- dromes. AMER. J. PSYCHOTHER., 1954, 8. Berg I. A. Mental deterioration among sex offenders. J. CRIM. LAW CRIMINOL., 1943, 33, 184-185. Bergler, E. Differential diagnosis between spurious homosexuality and perversion homo- sexuality. PSYCHIAT. QUART., 1947, 21, 399-409. Bergler, E. HOMOSEXUALITY: DISEASE OR WAY OF LIFE. New York: Bill and Wang, Inc., 1956. Bergler, E. ONE THOUSAND HOMOSEXUALS, Paterson, N. J. Pageant Books, Inc., 1959. Bergler, E. Voyeurism. ARCH. CRIM. PSYCHODYNAMICS, 1957, 2, 211-225. Biggs, E. R. HOW TO PROTECT YOUR CHILD FROM THE SEX CRIMINAL. Portland, Ore.: New Science Book Co., 1950. Bloch, H. A. Sex crimes and criminals. AMER. J. NURS., 19 53, 5 3, 440-443. Bloch, H. A. Social pressures of confinement toward sexual deviation. J. SOC. THER., 1955, 1, 112-125. Bojesen, O. BOY PROSTITUTION. Copenhagen: G.E.C. Gad, 1956. Bonk. F. On the castration of sex criminals on the basis of ISO observations. Abstract in J. CRIM. PSYCHOPATHOL., 1941, 2, 422-423. Bonner, C. A. Who and what arc sexual psychopaths'? FOCUS 1948, 27, 103-105. Bowling, R. W. The sex offender and the law. FED. PROB., 1950, 14, 11-16. Bowman, K. M. The challenge of sex offenders: psychiatric aspects of the problem. MENT. HYG., 1938, 22, 10-20. Bowman, K. M. & Rose, M". A criticism of current usage of the term "sexual psychopath". AMER. J. PSYCHIAT., 1952 109, 177-182. Bowman, K. M. & Englc, B. Certain aspects of sex psychopath laws. AMER. J. PSYCHIAT., 1954, 114, 690-697. Bowman, K. M. Too many sex laws. NATION, 1958, 187, 283, 286-289. Brancale, R. & Bixby, F. L. How to treat sex offenders: New Jersey diagnostic center. NATION, 1957, 184, 293-295. Brancale, R., Ellis, A. & Doorbar, R. R. Psychiatric and Psychological investigations of convicted sex offenders: Summary report. AMER. J. PSYCHIAT., 1952, 109, 17-21. Braude, J. M. The sex offender and the court. FED. PROB., 1950, 14, 17-22. Brombcrg, W. CRIME AND THE MIND. J. B. Lippincott Co., 1948 (Chptr 4: Sexual psychopathy) . Bromberg, W. Sexual deviation and therapy. J. SOC. THER., 1955, 1 203-210. Bromberg, W. & Franklin, G. 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ANTHROPOLOGIST, 19 50, 5 2, 277-279. Additional copies of this facsimile reproduction may be obtained at $2.00 each from: Guild Book Ser- vice, P.O. Box 7410, Franklin Sta- tion, Wash. 44, D. C.